The DIR Model
The DIR® Model for Early Intervention
The Developmental, Individual Differences, Relationship-Based model (DIR®/Floortime™) is a comprehensive treatment approach that relies on an understanding of how processing challenges affect learning, socialization, communication and behavior, and the developmental process through which children develop the foundational skills for all interactions. Interactive play is used to foster children’s shared attention, engagement, reciprocal communication, problem solving, and reasoning to help them move up the developmental ladder.
The DIR model was developed by the Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental and Learning Disorders (ICDL), a non-profit organization founded by Stanley Greenspan, MD, and Serena Wieder, PhD. The goals of the program are to:
- Integrate multi-disciplinary knowledge so as to improve prevention, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of emotional and developmental disorders in infancy and childhood.
- Implement prevention and intervention activities at the family, community, and policy level through a bio-psycho-social (DIR®/Floortime™) model of human development
ICDL reaches a wide network of parents and professionals in every state and in more than 80 countries on all continents. Through its research, training and publications, it advances the identification, prevention and treatment of developmental and learning disorders. Its nucleus of world-class professionals from multiple disciplines has incorporated the DIR®/Floortime™ model as a fundamental component of intervention programs for individuals with difficulties in relating, communicating and thinking, including autism spectrum disorders. ICDL’s research improves both the understanding of developmental pathways leading to developmental and emotional disorders and the interventions for these disorders.
Profectum Foundation has been formed by a group of concerned parents and expert practitioners with experience with developmental and behavioral interventions. As the needs of an individual change over time and over the course of his/her development, the individual benefits from the developmental foundation that is at the heart of the DIR® model as well as developmental and other interventions based on his/her needs at the time. Profectum aspires to define the Foundational Capacities for Development (FCD) as a framework for integrating different intervention approaches and to train tens/hundreds of thousands of parents and practitioners around the world over time.